Intersection Marketing

Business Strengths + Insights from Market Intelligence = Customer-Compelling Values.

<h2><a href="http://johniduh.yolasite.com/breakthrough-marketing/eating-and-drinking-on-the-go-trends-led-beverage-manufacturers-introducing-plastic-and-cans-beverages-such-as-plastic-coke-lacasera-teems-eat-can-malt-can-juice-eat-" title="Eating-and-Drinking-on-the-go trends led beverage manufacturers introducing Plastic and Cans Beverages, such as plastic: Coke, Lacasera, Teems, eat, Can-malt, can-Juice eat.">Eating-and-Drinking-on-the-go trends led beverage manufacturers introducing Plastic and Can Beverages, such as plastic: Coke, Lacasera, Teems, Can-malt, Can-Juice eat</a>, etc</h2>

Eating-and-Drinking-on-the-go trends led beverage manufacturers introducing Plastic and Can Beverages, such as plastic: Coke, Lacasera, Teems, Can-malt, Can-Juice eat, etc

Posted 185 weeks ago
<h2><a href="http://johniduh.yolasite.com/breakthrough-marketing/trends-in-healthy-living-through-immune-boosting-led-alliance-in-motion-global-developed-c24-7" title="Trends in healthy living through immune boosting led Alliance in Motion Global developed:  C24/7">Trends in healthy living through immune boosting led Alliance in Motion Global developed: C24/7</a>.</h2>
<p><small><span>C24/7 Natura-Ceuticals contains the most number of anti-oxidants with approximately 22,000 phytonutrients in one product. The ingredients of C24/7 work in “synergy” to produce the maximum result for your body, making it the most potent anti-aging product in the history of supplementation.</span></small></p>
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<p><span>C24/7 is the new breakthrough in food supplements; a unique and patented formulation that delivers the highest amount of anti-oxidants and phyto-nutrients.<br/><br/>C24/7 is packed with benefits for different needs, from controlling blood sugar and cholesterol, to healthy blood circulation and sexual vitality.</span><span></span></p>

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Trends in healthy living through immune boosting led Alliance in Motion Global developed: C24/7.

C24/7 Natura-Ceuticals contains the most number of anti-oxidants with approximately 22,000 phytonutrients in one product. The ingredients of C24/7 work in “synergy” to produce the maximum result for your body, making it the most potent anti-aging product in the history of supplementation.

C24/7 is the new breakthrough in food supplements; a unique and patented formulation that delivers the highest amount of anti-oxidants and phyto-nutrients.

C24/7 is packed with benefits for different needs, from controlling blood sugar and cholesterol, to healthy blood circulation and sexual vitality.

Posted 185 weeks ago
<h2><a href="http://johniduh.yolasite.com/breakthrough-marketing/dual-trend-in-the-in-hot-drinks-and-the-use-of-herbs-led-kasapreko-a-ghanaian-based-alcoholic-manufacturer-introduces-alomo-bitters-" title="Dual-trend in the in Hot-Drinks and the use of herbs led KASAPREKO, a Ghanaian based alcoholic manufacturer introduces Alomo Bitters.">Dual-trend in the in Hot-Drinks and the use of herbs led KASAPREKO, a Ghanaian based alcoholic manufacturer introduces Alomo Bitters.</a></h2>
<p><small><strong>Alomo Bitters</strong><span class="apple-converted-space"> </span><span>is a herbal alcoholic product made</span><span> </span><span>from carefully chosen tropical plant extracts and</span><span> </span><span>very well known for its proven medicinal values.</span><span> </span><span>It has its roots in the traditional herbal industry</span><span> </span><span>that is meticulously researched by the Centre for</span><span> </span><span>Scientific Research into Plant Medicine a World</span><span> </span><span>Health Organization affiliate, based at Mampong</span><span> </span><span>Akuapem in the Eastern region of Ghana.</span></small></p>
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<p><span class="yui-tag-span yui-tag"><span class="yui-tag-span yui-tag"><strong><br/>Alomo Bitters</strong><span class="apple-converted-space"> </span><span>– A herbal based drink, is not just any ordinary alcoholic drink. With its origins from Ghana, Alomo Bitters is made from carefully selected tropical plant extracts which forms part of a secret recipe. It’s popular for its aphrodisiac qualities.</span></span><span><br/></span></span></p>
<p><span class="yui-tag-span yui-tag">To quote a recent article by Euromonitor -<span class="apple-converted-space"> </span><em>“Africa brings one of the most surprising alcohol growth stories in recent times. Distilled in Ghana, sales of Alomo Bitters in neighboring Nigeria have skyrocketed over the last few years. What’s behind the jump? The drink is said to hold aphrodisiac qualities for men and women. Nigerians mix the beverage with non-alcoholic beer – sales of that have soared in the country too. Plans to export the drink to more countries on the continent are said to be afoot. -</em><span class="apple-converted-space"></span><strong><em>Euromonitor’s</em></strong><span class="apple-converted-space"></span><em>Malandrankis says the supposed sexual enhancing properties “hit all the right buttons in Nigeria.” Watch out for it on local shelves soon.”</em><span></span></span></p>

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<p><span class="yui-tag-span yui-tag">Packaged in a<span class="apple-converted-space"> </span><strong>200ml PET, 30ml Sachet</strong><span class="apple-converted-space"> </span>and<span class="apple-converted-space"> </span><strong>750ml Glass</strong><span class="apple-converted-space"> </span>bottle Alomo Bitters is developed in conjunction with the Center for Scientific Research into Plant Medicine in Ghana, an affiliate of the World Health Organization,<span class="apple-converted-space"> </span><strong>Alomo Bitters contains natural components/ingredients which promote/stimulate/enhances vitality and general well being.</strong><span></span></span></p>

<p></p>
<p><span class="yui-tag-span yui-tag">Alomo Bitters is also c<strong>leanses bowel and relieves body pain, helps ease menstrual pains/cramps in women and contains anti malaria properties</strong><span></span></span></p>

<p></p>
<p><span class="yui-tag-span yui-tag">Alomo Bitters is enjoyed all over the world, it’s vitalizing and best enjoyed straight or mixed with your favorite juice or soda.<span></span></span></p>

<p></p>
<p><span class="yui-tag-span yui-tag">In 2012 Alomo Bitters was awarded a Super Brand. It has also been identified to be amongst the top 5 emerging brands in the world by CNN money.<span></span></span></p>

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<p><a href="http://money.cnn.com/gallery/news/companies/2013/10/08/exotic-drinks/6.html"><strong><span class="yui-tag-span yui-tag"><a href="http://money.cnn.com/gallery/news/companies/2013/10/08/exotic-drinks/6.html">http://money.cnn.com/gallery/news/companies/2013/10/08/exotic-drinks/6.html</a></span></strong></a></p>
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Dual-trend in the in Hot-Drinks and the use of herbs led KASAPREKO, a Ghanaian based alcoholic manufacturer introduces Alomo Bitters.

Alomo Bitters is a herbal alcoholic product made from carefully chosen tropical plant extracts and very well known for its proven medicinal values. It has its roots in the traditional herbal industry that is meticulously researched by the Centre for Scientific Research into Plant Medicine a World Health Organization affiliate, based at Mampong Akuapem in the Eastern region of Ghana.


Alomo Bitters
 – A herbal based drink, is not just any ordinary alcoholic drink. With its origins from Ghana, Alomo Bitters is made from carefully selected tropical plant extracts which forms part of a secret recipe. It’s popular for its aphrodisiac qualities.

To quote a recent article by Euromonitor - “Africa brings one of the most surprising alcohol growth stories in recent times. Distilled in Ghana, sales of Alomo Bitters in neighboring Nigeria have skyrocketed over the last few years. What’s behind the jump? The drink is said to hold aphrodisiac qualities for men and women. Nigerians mix the beverage with non-alcoholic beer – sales of that have soared in the country too. Plans to export the drink to more countries on the continent are said to be afoot. -Euromonitor’sMalandrankis says the supposed sexual enhancing properties “hit all the right buttons in Nigeria.” Watch out for it on local shelves soon.”

Packaged in a 200ml PET, 30ml Sachet and 750ml Glass bottle Alomo Bitters is developed in conjunction with the Center for Scientific Research into Plant Medicine in Ghana, an affiliate of the World Health Organization, Alomo Bitters contains natural components/ingredients which promote/stimulate/enhances vitality and general well being.

Alomo Bitters is also cleanses bowel and relieves body pain, helps ease menstrual pains/cramps in women and contains anti malaria properties

Alomo Bitters is enjoyed all over the world, it’s vitalizing and best enjoyed straight or mixed with your favorite juice or soda.

In 2012 Alomo Bitters was awarded a Super Brand. It has also been identified to be amongst the top 5 emerging brands in the world by CNN money.

http://money.cnn.com/gallery/news/companies/2013/10/08/exotic-drinks/6.html

Posted 185 weeks ago
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<h2><a href="http://johniduh.yolasite.com/gurus-on-marketing/chinalife-introduced-%E2%80%9Cultra-slim-tea%E2%80%9D-kinetizing-" title="Chinalife Introduced “Ultra Slim Tea” - Kinetizing!">Chinalife Introduced “Ultra Slim Tea” - Kinetizing!</a></h2>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><span></span><strong>Chinalife,</strong> born in 2007,  felt that the concept of natural healthy living with herbs and tea had, for far too long, been thrown together with images of perfectly pure people restricting themselves from indulgence. </p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span>With such reason in mind, <strong>Chinalife</strong> introduced </span><strong>Ultra Slim Tea, </strong><span>a high grade herbal tea traditionally used to help reduce weight & regulate blood fat levels - an effective and natural way to lose weight. </span><strong>Ultra Slim Tea</strong><span> can be infused up to 3 times simply by adding fresh water. Ultra Slim Tea defines a  market space, Kinetizing!</span></p>

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Chinalife, born in 2007,  felt that the concept of natural healthy living with herbs and tea had, for far too long, been thrown together with images of perfectly pure people restricting themselves from indulgence. 

With such reason in mind, Chinalife introduced Ultra Slim Tea, a high grade herbal tea traditionally used to help reduce weight & regulate blood fat levels - an effective and natural way to lose weight. Ultra Slim Tea can be infused up to 3 times simply by adding fresh water. Ultra Slim Tea defines a  market space, Kinetizing!

 

Posted 186 weeks ago
<h2><a href="http://johniduh.yolasite.com/gurus-on-marketing/historical-flashback-create-a-business-space-in-the-newspaper-industry" title="Historical Flashback create a Business space in the Newspaper Industry">Historical Flashback creates a Business space in the Newspaper Industry</a></h2>
<p><span>The desire to document Nigeria’s historical past events has led to the emergence of a newspaper called <strong>Historical Flashback.</strong> The newspaper  serves as the reservoir of information about Nigeria’s past from the pre colonial period, publishing past historical stories in a refreshed manner for documentation purpose. Many things happened in the country  and they continue to happen because many people did not know what happened in the past. </span><strong>Historical Flashback</strong><span> is the first of its kind in the newspaper industry. </span><strong>Historical Flashback</strong><span> is in the market to fill the gap of documentation. The documentation of the past and materials about Nigeria’s past events that cannot be found anywhere. “If you pick the newspaper you can read about events of 100 years ago, stories of past events before and after the country’s independence. The publishers are researching on the past stories in the country so that they can be freshly presented for those who have anything to do with Nigeria. It’s not just newspaper, its historical, as well as documented information. </span></p>

Historical Flashback creates a Business space in the Newspaper Industry

The desire to document Nigeria’s historical past events has led to the emergence of a newspaper called Historical Flashback. The newspaper  serves as the reservoir of information about Nigeria’s past from the pre colonial period, publishing past historical stories in a refreshed manner for documentation purpose. Many things happened in the country  and they continue to happen because many people did not know what happened in the past. Historical Flashback is the first of its kind in the newspaper industry. Historical Flashback is in the market to fill the gap of documentation. The documentation of the past and materials about Nigeria’s past events that cannot be found anywhere. “If you pick the newspaper you can read about events of 100 years ago, stories of past events before and after the country’s independence. The publishers are researching on the past stories in the country so that they can be freshly presented for those who have anything to do with Nigeria. It’s not just newspaper, its historical, as well as documented information. 

Posted 186 weeks ago
<h2><a href="http://johniduh.yolasite.com/gurus-on-marketing/kinetizing-marketing-has-the-ability-to-drive-successes-consider-the-introduction-of-energy-bars-whose-market-was-fragmented-by-definition-targeting-at-different-demograp" title="Kinetizing Marketing has the ability to drive successes. Consider the introduction of energy bars, whose market was fragmented by  definition targeting at different demographics.">Kinetizing Marketing has the ability to drive successes. Consider the introduction of energy bars, whose market was fragmented by definition targeting at different demographics.</a></h2>
<p><strong><span> </span></strong><strong><span>Energy bars</span></strong><span> are supplemental bars containing </span><span><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cereal" title="Cereal"><span>cereals</span></a></span><span> and other high energy foods targeted at people that require quick energy but do not have time for a meal. They are different from </span><span><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Energy_drink" title="Energy drink"><span>energy drinks</span></a></span><span>, which contain </span><span><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caffeine" title="Caffeine"><span>caffeine</span></a></span><span>, whereas bars provide </span><span><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Food_energy" title="Food energy"><span>food energy</span></a>. </span><span>Holland & Barrett stock a wide range of energy bars that combine </span><a href="http://www.hollandandbarrett.com/pages/categories.asp?cid=5"><span>sports nutrition</span></a><span> with great tasting confectionary. Customer favourite Powerbar, offer a wide choice of tasty energy bars that are a great source of </span><strong>protein</strong><span> and long lasting energy. Trek bars also come in a range of delicious forms, including protein packed flapjacks and virtually fat free brownies.</span>However, there are Energy bars for women, for children, for sports people; even protein bar, Nutrition bar, Honey bar etc.</p>

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Kinetizing Marketing has the ability to drive successes. Consider the introduction of energy bars, whose market was fragmented by definition targeting at different demographics.

 Energy bars are supplemental bars containing cereals and other high energy foods targeted at people that require quick energy but do not have time for a meal. They are different from energy drinks, which contain caffeine, whereas bars provide food energyHolland & Barrett stock a wide range of energy bars that combine sports nutrition with great tasting confectionary. Customer favourite Powerbar, offer a wide choice of tasty energy bars that are a great source of protein and long lasting energy. Trek bars also come in a range of delicious forms, including protein packed flapjacks and virtually fat free brownies.However, there are Energy bars for women, for children, for sports people; even protein bar, Nutrition bar, Honey bar etc.

 

Posted 186 weeks ago
<p class="MsoNormal"><strong><span>Revlon: An ultimate Kinetizing Marketer, smart at Category innovation. Consider  the innovation of  @Colorstay Lipstick!“</span></strong></p>

<p class="MsoNormal"><span>Revlon is a global color cosmetics, hair color, beauty tools, fragrances, skincare, anti-perspirant / deodorants and beauty care products company whose vision is<span class="apple-converted-space"> </span></span><span class="corporatebold"><strong>Glamour, Excitement and Innovation through High-quality Products at Affordable Prices</strong></span>. <span>The company began its success with <strong>opaque long-lasting nail enamel</strong> sold to beauty salons. Revlon sold its nail enamel through department stores and selected drugstores. llicitudin.</span> <span>Revlon® is one of the strongest consumer brand franchises in the world. Revlon’s global brand portfolio includes Revlon® color cosmetics, Almay® color cosmetics, SinfulColors® color cosmetics, Pure Ice® color cosmetics, Revlon ColorSilk® hair color, Revlon® beauty tools, Charlie® fragrances, Mitchum® anti-perspirant / deodorants, and Ultima II® and Gatineau® skincare and its products are sold in over 100 countries across six continents. Websites featuring current product and promotional information can be reached at<span class="apple-converted-space"> </span></span><span><a href="http://www.revlon.com/" target="_blank"><span><a href="http://www.revlon.com">www.revlon.com</a></span></a></span><span>,</span><span></span></p>

Revlon: An ultimate Kinetizing Marketer, smart at Category innovation. Consider  the innovation of  @Colorstay Lipstick!“

Revlon is a global color cosmetics, hair color, beauty tools, fragrances, skincare, anti-perspirant / deodorants and beauty care products company whose vision is Glamour, Excitement and Innovation through High-quality Products at Affordable Prices. The company began its success with opaque long-lasting nail enamel sold to beauty salons. Revlon sold its nail enamel through department stores and selected drugstores. llicitudin. Revlon® is one of the strongest consumer brand franchises in the world. Revlon’s global brand portfolio includes Revlon® color cosmetics, Almay® color cosmetics, SinfulColors® color cosmetics, Pure Ice® color cosmetics, Revlon ColorSilk® hair color, Revlon® beauty tools, Charlie® fragrances, Mitchum® anti-perspirant / deodorants, and Ultima II® and Gatineau® skincare and its products are sold in over 100 countries across six continents. Websites featuring current product and promotional information can be reached at www.revlon.com,

Posted 186 weeks ago
<h2><a href="http://johniduh.yolasite.com/gurus/starbucks%E2%80%98-howard-schultz-is-one-of-my-nominees-for-kinetizing-strategy" title="Starbucks‘ HOWARD SCHULTZ is one of my nominees for kinetizing strategy" target="_self">Starbucks‘ HOWARD SCHULTZ is one of my nominees for kinetizing </a>Initiatives</h2>
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<div><span class="userContent">When HOWARD SCHULTZ, starbucks ceo till year 2000,came to the company in 1982, he recognized an unfilled niche for “cafes serving gourmet coffee directly to customers“. This strategic initiative helps starbucks achieve loyal customer base in Seatle. In the next growth phase, it applied the same successful formular that had worked wo<span class="text_exposed_show">nders in seattle, first in other cities in the pacific Northwest, then through out North America, and finally, across the globe. Once starbucks had established itself as a presence in thousands of cities internationally, it sought to increase the number of purchases by existing customers with “kinetizing strategy“ that led to new in-store merchandise including compilation CDs, Starbucks Duetto Visa Cards that allows customer to recieve points towards starbucks‘ purchases when they use it; and high-speed internet wireless access at thousands of starbucks‘ HOTSPOTS through a deal with T-MOBILE. Finally, starbucks kinetized into grocery store aisles with Frappucino bottled drinks, starbucks‘ self-branded ice-cream, and the purchase of a tea retailer, Tazor Tea!</span></span></div>
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Starbucks‘ HOWARD SCHULTZ is one of my nominees for kinetizing Initiatives

When HOWARD SCHULTZ, starbucks ceo till year 2000,came to the company in 1982, he recognized an unfilled niche for “cafes serving gourmet coffee directly to customers“. This strategic initiative helps starbucks achieve loyal customer base in Seatle. In the next growth phase, it applied the same successful formular that had worked wonders in seattle, first in other cities in the pacific Northwest, then through out North America, and finally, across the globe. Once starbucks had established itself as a presence in thousands of cities internationally, it sought to increase the number of purchases by existing customers with “kinetizing strategy“ that led to new in-store merchandise including compilation CDs, Starbucks Duetto Visa Cards that allows customer to recieve points towards starbucks‘ purchases when they use it; and high-speed internet wireless access at thousands of starbucks‘ HOTSPOTS through a deal with T-MOBILE. Finally, starbucks kinetized into grocery store aisles with Frappucino bottled drinks, starbucks‘ self-branded ice-cream, and the purchase of a tea retailer, Tazor Tea!
Posted 186 weeks ago
<h2><a href="http://johniduh.yolasite.com/blog/ford-repositioned-existing-products-services-resulting-in-an-original-category-" title="Ford Used Kinetizing Model Repositioned Existing Products/Services Resulting in an Original Category." target="_self">Ford Repositioned Existing Products/Services Resulting in an Original Category.</a></h2>
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<p><span>In the United Kingdom, Ford positioned its Galaxy Minivan in relation to First-Class Air Travel comfortable enough to be suitable for busy executives. By highlighting attributes far different from those that would appeal to buyers looking for a family vehicle, the automaker used a classic Kinetizng approach created a Minivan subcategory.</span></p>
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Ford Repositioned Existing Products/Services Resulting in an Original Category.

In the United Kingdom, Ford positioned its Galaxy Minivan in relation to First-Class Air Travel comfortable enough to be suitable for busy executives. By highlighting attributes far different from those that would appeal to buyers looking for a family vehicle, the automaker used a classic Kinetizng approach created a Minivan subcategory.

Posted 186 weeks ago
<h2><a href="http://johniduh.yolasite.com/blog/royal-philips-used-market-insight-to-kinetize-attuned-to-consumer-tech-trend" title="ROYAL PHILIPS Leverage Market Insight Plus Consumer Electronics-Trend to Kinetize" target="_self">ROYAL PHILIPS Used Insights from Consumer Electronics-Trends, Kinetiz</a>ing</h2>
<p><span class="usercontent"><span>Philips researchers asked 1,650 consumers and 180 customers in dozens of in-depth and qualitative interviews and focus groups on what was most important to them in using technology. Respondents from the Uk, U.S, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Hong Kong, China and Brazil agreed on one theing: they wanted the benefits of tech</span></span><span class="textexposedshow"><span>nology without the hassles. With these, Philips crafted “Sense and Simplicity” campaign with the believe that their brands plus innovation will reflect simplicity – the major of mordern technology. To achieve its plans, Philips tirlessly integrate media: the campaign consists of prints, Online, Television advertisement showcasing perspectives on the journey to simplicity, resonating with consumers. It just make sense!</span></span></p>

ROYAL PHILIPS Used Insights from Consumer Electronics-Trends, Kinetizing

Philips researchers asked 1,650 consumers and 180 customers in dozens of in-depth and qualitative interviews and focus groups on what was most important to them in using technology. Respondents from the Uk, U.S, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Hong Kong, China and Brazil agreed on one theing: they wanted the benefits of technology without the hassles. With these, Philips crafted “Sense and Simplicity” campaign with the believe that their brands plus innovation will reflect simplicity – the major of mordern technology. To achieve its plans, Philips tirlessly integrate media: the campaign consists of prints, Online, Television advertisement showcasing perspectives on the journey to simplicity, resonating with consumers. It just make sense!

Posted 186 weeks ago

Hierarchical Levels of Strategy

Posted by JOHN BRIGHT on Friday, April 12, 2013 Under: Business Principles That Work

Strategy can be formulated on three different levels:

  • corporate level
  • business unit level
  • functional or departmental level.

While strategy may be about competing and surviving as a firm, one can argue that products, not corporations compete, and products are developed by business units. The role of the corporation then is to manage its business units and products so that each is competitive and so that each contributes to corporate purposes.

Consider Textron, Inc., a successful conglomerate corporation that pursues profits through a range of businesses in unrelated industries. Textron has four core business segments:

  • Aircraft - 32% of revenues
  • Automotive - 25% of revenues
  • Industrial - 39% of revenues
  • Finance - 4% of revenues.

While the corporation must manage its portfolio of businesses to grow and survive, the success of a diversified firm depends upon its ability to manage each of its product lines. While there is no single competitor to Textron, we can talk about the competitors and strategy of each of its business units. In the finance business segment, for example, the chief rivals are major banks providing commercial financing. Many managers consider the business level to be the proper focus for strategic planning.


Corporate Level Strategy

Corporate level strategy fundamentally is concerned with the selection of businesses in which the company should compete and with the development and coordination of that portfolio of businesses.

Corporate level strategy is concerned with:

  • Reach - defining the issues that are corporate responsibilities; these might include identifying the overall goals of the corporation, the types of businesses in which the corporation should be involved, and the way in which businesses will be integrated and managed.

  • Competitive Contact - defining where in the corporation competition is to be localized. Take the case of insurance: In the mid-1990's, Aetna as a corporation was clearly identified with its commercial and property casualty insurance products. The conglomerate Textron was not. For Textron, competition in the insurance markets took place specifically at the business unit level, through its subsidiary, Paul Revere. (Textron divested itself of The Paul Revere Corporation in 1997.)

  • Managing Activities and Business Interrelationships  -  Corporate strategy seeks to develop synergies by sharing and coordinating staff and other resources across business units, investing financial resources across business units, and using business units to complement other corporate business activities. Igor Ansoff introduced the concept of synergy to corporate strategy.

  • Management Practices - Corporations decide how business units are to be governed: through direct corporate intervention (centralization) or through more or less autonomous government (decentralization) that relies on persuasion and rewards.

Corporations are responsible for creating value through their businesses. They do so by managing their portfolio of businesses, ensuring that the businesses are successful over the long-term, developing business units, and sometimes ensuring that each business is compatible with others in the portfolio.


Business Unit Level Strategy

A strategic business unit may be a division, product line, or other profit center that can be planned independently from the other business units of the firm.

At the business unit level, the strategic issues are less about the coordination of operating units and more about developing and sustaining a competitive advantage for the goods and services that are produced. At the business level, the strategy formulation phase deals with:

  • positioning the business against rivals

  • anticipating changes in demand and technologies and adjusting the strategy to accommodate them

  • influencing the nature of competition through strategic actions such as vertical integration and through political actions such as lobbying.

Michael Porter identified three generic strategies (cost leadership, differentiation, and focus) that can be implemented at the business unit level to create a competitive advantage and defend against the adverse effects of the five forces.


Functional Level Strategy

The functional level of the organization is the level of the operating divisions and departments. The strategic issues at the functional level are related to business processes and the value chain. Functional level strategies in marketing, finance, operations, human resources, and R&D involve the development and coordination of resources through which business unit level strategies can be executed efficiently and effectively.

Functional units of an organization are involved in higher level strategies by providing input into the business unit level and corporate level strategy, such as providing information on resources and capabilities on which the higher level strategies can be based. Once the higher-level strategy is developed, the functional units translate it into discrete action-plans that each department or division must accomplish for the strategy to succeed.


Recommended Reading

Mintzberg, Henry, Lampel, J., Ahlstrand, B., Strategy Safari: A Guided Tour through the Wilds of Strategic Management

Strategy Safari organizes the seemingly disconnected aspects of strategic management into 10 different schools of thought. For example, the basic strategic planning model that was popular in the 1970's is part of The Planning School, and Michael Porter's theories are part of The Positioning School. Strategy Safari provides an overview of each school and presents a balanced view of each, including advantages and disadvantages  of its comprehensive and insightful approach, Strategy Safari presents an excellent overview of the field of strategic management.

In : Business Principles That Work 


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